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The SSRC Library allows visitors to access materials related to self-sufficiency programs, practice and research. Visitors can view common search terms, conduct a keyword search or create a custom search using any combination of the filters at the left side of this page. To conduct a keyword search, type a term or combination of terms into the search box below, select whether you want to search the exact phrase or the words in any order, and click on the blue button to the right of the search box to view relevant results.

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  • Individual Author: Passarella, Letitia L.; Nicoli, Lisa T.
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2018

    Economic recovery from the Great Recession has been slow for families with very low incomes. Those with incomes at the very bottom have only experienced two years of household income growth, rising 9% to $13,608 in 2016. Comparatively, middle-income families have had five years of growth with an increase of 11% to just over $59,000. Middle-income families now have earnings higher than their pre-recession levels, while those at the bottom still have not fully recovered. Given these low earnings and slow growth, it is important to examine those families who may have required additional support through Maryland’s Temporary Cash Assistance (TCA) program.

    The annual report series, Life after Welfare, examines outcomes of families who left cash assistance. The series focuses on families’ characteristics, employment and earnings outcomes, and the receipt of other public benefits. The 2017 update includes a sample of 12,597 families who left the TCA program between January 2004 and March 2017. We examine trends through the lens of three different cohorts: (a) Mid-2000s Recovery—a...

    Economic recovery from the Great Recession has been slow for families with very low incomes. Those with incomes at the very bottom have only experienced two years of household income growth, rising 9% to $13,608 in 2016. Comparatively, middle-income families have had five years of growth with an increase of 11% to just over $59,000. Middle-income families now have earnings higher than their pre-recession levels, while those at the bottom still have not fully recovered. Given these low earnings and slow growth, it is important to examine those families who may have required additional support through Maryland’s Temporary Cash Assistance (TCA) program.

    The annual report series, Life after Welfare, examines outcomes of families who left cash assistance. The series focuses on families’ characteristics, employment and earnings outcomes, and the receipt of other public benefits. The 2017 update includes a sample of 12,597 families who left the TCA program between January 2004 and March 2017. We examine trends through the lens of three different cohorts: (a) Mid-2000s Recovery—a declining caseload between January 2004 and March 2007; (b) Great Recession Era—an increasing caseload between April 2007 and December 2011; and (c) Great Recession Recovery—a declining caseload between January 2012 and March 2017.

    The main findings from this report indicate that families’ financial situations improved after exiting the TCA program, compared with their circumstances before they came onto the program. Nonetheless, these families struggle to rise above poverty and maintain independence from cash assistance. (Author abstract) 

  • Individual Author: Nicoli, Lisa Thiebaud
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2018

    We investigate the relationship between short-term employment retention and long-term employment and earnings. We discuss differences between those who retained employment and those who did not before examining their employment and earnings for three years after Temporary Cash Assistance (TCA) case closure. (Edited author introduction)

     

    We investigate the relationship between short-term employment retention and long-term employment and earnings. We discuss differences between those who retained employment and those who did not before examining their employment and earnings for three years after Temporary Cash Assistance (TCA) case closure. (Edited author introduction)

     

  • Individual Author: Walton, Douglas; Wood, Michelle; Dunton, Lauren
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2018

    This series of research briefs explores issues of family homelessness that are especially relevant to HHS, to state and local decision makers, and for programs. The Child Separation among Families Experiencing Homelessness brief explores child separations among families experiencing homelessness. It builds upon the fourth brief in this series, “Child and Partner Transitions among Families Experiencing Homelessness,” which looked at family separations and reunifications in the 20 months after being in emergency shelter and the association between family separation and recent housing instability following an initial shelter stay. This new brief provides a more detailed examination of these families and their children before and after the initial shelter stay, revealing more extensive and persistent levels of child separation. It gives detailed characteristics of separated children and examines whether future child separation after a shelter stay is related to either housing instability of previous separations. (Author abstract)

     

    This series of research briefs explores issues of family homelessness that are especially relevant to HHS, to state and local decision makers, and for programs. The Child Separation among Families Experiencing Homelessness brief explores child separations among families experiencing homelessness. It builds upon the fourth brief in this series, “Child and Partner Transitions among Families Experiencing Homelessness,” which looked at family separations and reunifications in the 20 months after being in emergency shelter and the association between family separation and recent housing instability following an initial shelter stay. This new brief provides a more detailed examination of these families and their children before and after the initial shelter stay, revealing more extensive and persistent levels of child separation. It gives detailed characteristics of separated children and examines whether future child separation after a shelter stay is related to either housing instability of previous separations. (Author abstract)

     

  • Individual Author: McColl, Rebecca; Nicoli, Lisa Thiebaud
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2018

    This document includes individual summaries for each of the 24 jurisdictions as well as the state. Each summary includes every family in that jurisdiction who received TCA for at least one month in state fiscal year 2017 (July 2016 to June 2017). Additionally, the demographics and employment analyses are only for adult recipients, so payees who are not recipients themselves are excluded from those sections of the table. We believe this provides a more accurate representation of families and individuals receiving TCA.

    Because we are interested in receipt during a state fiscal year, the first month in the year that a family actually received benefits is the first month included in the analysis. For example, if a family applied for TCA in January 2017, that family might not actually receive benefits until February 2017. We would consider February 2017 the first month of receipt. However, benefits are retroactive to the date that a family applied for assistance, so this family would receive prorated benefits for January. Since the family received benefits for January 2017,...

    This document includes individual summaries for each of the 24 jurisdictions as well as the state. Each summary includes every family in that jurisdiction who received TCA for at least one month in state fiscal year 2017 (July 2016 to June 2017). Additionally, the demographics and employment analyses are only for adult recipients, so payees who are not recipients themselves are excluded from those sections of the table. We believe this provides a more accurate representation of families and individuals receiving TCA.

    Because we are interested in receipt during a state fiscal year, the first month in the year that a family actually received benefits is the first month included in the analysis. For example, if a family applied for TCA in January 2017, that family might not actually receive benefits until February 2017. We would consider February 2017 the first month of receipt. However, benefits are retroactive to the date that a family applied for assistance, so this family would receive prorated benefits for January. Since the family received benefits for January 2017, some of the measures we use, such as months of receipt in the state fiscal year or months of receipt counted toward the time limit, would count January as a month of receipt. These discrepancies are important in understanding data related to past program participation.

    Disabled for 12+ months is defined as individuals coded as OTD in WORKS, the data system used to track participation in work activities, at any point in the 2017 state fiscal year. Due to data availability, the second adult on cases with more than one adult recipient is excluded from this analysis.

    Additional information on methods and data sources can be found in the main brief, Life on Welfare: Temporary Cash Assistance Families & Recipients, 2017. (Author introduction)

     

  • Individual Author: McColl, Rebecca; Nicoli, Lisa Thiebaud
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2018

    At the end of 2016, Maryland’s Temporary Cash Assistance (TCA) caseload reached a record low. In November 2016, the number of families receiving TCA dropped below the previous low of 20,725 in March 2007, and it continued to decline throughout the state fiscal year. The most recent caseload figures indicate that the decline has not abated; in February 2018, the last month data was available, only 18,210 families received TCA. (Edited author introduction)

     

    At the end of 2016, Maryland’s Temporary Cash Assistance (TCA) caseload reached a record low. In November 2016, the number of families receiving TCA dropped below the previous low of 20,725 in March 2007, and it continued to decline throughout the state fiscal year. The most recent caseload figures indicate that the decline has not abated; in February 2018, the last month data was available, only 18,210 families received TCA. (Edited author introduction)

     

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