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SSRC Library

The SSRC Library allows visitors to access materials related to self-sufficiency programs, practice and research. Visitors can view common search terms, conduct a keyword search or create a custom search using any combination of the filters at the left side of this page. To conduct a keyword search, type a term or combination of terms into the search box below, select whether you want to search the exact phrase or the words in any order, and click on the blue button to the right of the search box to view relevant results.

Writing a paper? Working on a literature review? Citing research in a funding proposal? Use the SSRC Citation Assistance Tool to compile citations.

  • Conduct a search and filter parameters as desired.
  • "Check" the box next to the resources for which you would like a citation.
  • Select "Download Selected Citation" at the top of the Library Search Page.
  • Select your export style:
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  • Select submit and download your citations.

The SSRC Library includes resources which may be available only via journal subscription. The SSRC may be able to provide users without subscription access to a particular journal with a single use copy of the full text.  Please email the SSRC with your request.

The SSRC Library collection is constantly growing and new research is added regularly. We welcome our users to submit a library item to help us grow our collection in response to your needs.


  • Individual Author: Courtney, Mark; Dworsky, Amy
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2006

    The dramatic reduction in state cash assistance caseloads that has occurred since the enactment of federal welfare reform in 1996 can be attributed not only to the fact that families are receiving cash assistance for shorter periods of time, but also to the fact that the number of applicants has declined. Once welfare recipients were required to work and receipt of cash assistance was limited to no more than 60 months, only parents who could not function in the labor market were likely to apply.

    This development had a significant effect on the composition of the TANF applicant pool. Specifically, it meant that a growing share of the applicants who sought assistance from state TANF agencies faced substantial and sometimes multiple barriers to employment. Among the most common are educational deficits, limited work experience, physical disabilities, chronic health conditions, mental health problems, alcohol or drug abuse or dependence, domestic violence, and caring for a child with special needs. These personal characteristics and family situations can make it difficult to...

    The dramatic reduction in state cash assistance caseloads that has occurred since the enactment of federal welfare reform in 1996 can be attributed not only to the fact that families are receiving cash assistance for shorter periods of time, but also to the fact that the number of applicants has declined. Once welfare recipients were required to work and receipt of cash assistance was limited to no more than 60 months, only parents who could not function in the labor market were likely to apply.

    This development had a significant effect on the composition of the TANF applicant pool. Specifically, it meant that a growing share of the applicants who sought assistance from state TANF agencies faced substantial and sometimes multiple barriers to employment. Among the most common are educational deficits, limited work experience, physical disabilities, chronic health conditions, mental health problems, alcohol or drug abuse or dependence, domestic violence, and caring for a child with special needs. These personal characteristics and family situations can make it difficult to either find or keep a job, especially when they are combined with the demands of parenting.

    This report examines the prevalence of these barriers to employment among a sample of 1999 Milwaukee County TANF applicants. (See box for a description of the Milwaukee TANF Applicant Study). It is particularly timely given that recent federal legislation has increased the percentage of each state’s TANF caseload that must to be engaged in work activities in order for states to receive all of their TANF block grant funds. (author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Rast, Joel
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2004

    This study examines how well public transit in Milwaukee, Ozaukee, Waukesha, and Washington counties provides low-income residents of the 4-county region with access to job opportunities. Researchers have long observed a “spatial mismatch” between job growth centers and low-income residential communities in metropolitan areas around the country. Studies show that for decades, the suburban share of metropolitan jobs has been steadily increasing, while lowincome
    populations typically remain concentrated in central city neighborhoods far removed from regional job growth centers. Because low-income persons frequently do not have access to an automobile, effective public transportation is often crucial in bridging the gap between the inner-city locations of low-income populations and the increasingly suburban locations of job opportunities.(author introduction)

    This study examines how well public transit in Milwaukee, Ozaukee, Waukesha, and Washington counties provides low-income residents of the 4-county region with access to job opportunities. Researchers have long observed a “spatial mismatch” between job growth centers and low-income residential communities in metropolitan areas around the country. Studies show that for decades, the suburban share of metropolitan jobs has been steadily increasing, while lowincome
    populations typically remain concentrated in central city neighborhoods far removed from regional job growth centers. Because low-income persons frequently do not have access to an automobile, effective public transportation is often crucial in bridging the gap between the inner-city locations of low-income populations and the increasingly suburban locations of job opportunities.(author introduction)