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The SSRC Library allows visitors to access materials related to self-sufficiency programs, practice and research. Visitors can view common search terms, conduct a keyword search or create a custom search using any combination of the filters at the left side of this page. To conduct a keyword search, type a term or combination of terms into the search box below, select whether you want to search the exact phrase or the words in any order, and click on the blue button to the right of the search box to view relevant results.

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  • Individual Author: Lou, Cary; Isaacs, Julia B.; Hong, Ashley
    Reference Type: Conference Paper
    Year: 2018

    Public expenditures targeted to children can help ensure that children receive what they need to reach their full potential. Nutrition benefits, housing assistance, and public health insurance help guarantee children are well fed, housed, and healthy, while investments in early education and public schools promote learning. Investments in children can positively influence childhood well-being and long-term social and economic outcomes, and increased understanding of how childhood circumstances affect lifelong outcomes has led to more public support for investment in children. This analysis examines trends in public spending on children over time and compares projections of federal spending on children under current law with projections that assume the president’s proposed 2019 budget were enacted in full. Following the methods of the Urban Institute’s annual Kids Share report, we determine which programs aid children, their actual spending from 1960 to 2017, and the share of program spending going to children each year. We then apply these shares to two sets of federal spending...

    Public expenditures targeted to children can help ensure that children receive what they need to reach their full potential. Nutrition benefits, housing assistance, and public health insurance help guarantee children are well fed, housed, and healthy, while investments in early education and public schools promote learning. Investments in children can positively influence childhood well-being and long-term social and economic outcomes, and increased understanding of how childhood circumstances affect lifelong outcomes has led to more public support for investment in children. This analysis examines trends in public spending on children over time and compares projections of federal spending on children under current law with projections that assume the president’s proposed 2019 budget were enacted in full. Following the methods of the Urban Institute’s annual Kids Share report, we determine which programs aid children, their actual spending from 1960 to 2017, and the share of program spending going to children each year. We then apply these shares to two sets of federal spending projections prepared by the Congressional Budget Office (CBO):

    1. Baseline projections for fiscal year 2018-28 spending under current law.
    2. CBO’s “An Analysis of the President’s 2019 Budget” for estimates of fiscal year 2018-28 spending under the administration’s proposals.

    Many programs, such as the Child Care and Development Fund, Head Start, school improvement, SNAP, housing assistance, and Medicaid, would see sharp funding reductions, and the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program, the Social Services Block Grant, and other programs would be eliminated entirely. (Expert from author introduction)

  • Individual Author: Pac, Jessica; Nam, Jaehyun; Waldfogel, Jane; Wimer, Chris
    Reference Type: Journal Article
    Year: 2017

    Between 1968 and 2013, the poverty rate of young children age 0 to 5 years fell by nearly one third, in large part because of the role played by anti-poverty programs. However, young children in the U.S. still face a much higher rate of poverty than do older children in the U.S. They also continue to have a much higher poverty rate than do young children in other developed countries around the world. In this paper, we provide a detailed analysis of trends in poverty and the role of anti-poverty programs in addressing poverty among young children, using an improved measure of poverty, the Supplemental Poverty Measure. We examine changes over time and the current status, both for young children overall and for key subgroups (by child age, and by child race/ethnicity). Our findings can be summarized in three key points. First, poverty among all young children age 0–5 years has fallen since the beginning of our time series; but absent the safety net, today's poverty rate among young children would be identical to or higher than it was in 1968. Second, the safety net plays an...

    Between 1968 and 2013, the poverty rate of young children age 0 to 5 years fell by nearly one third, in large part because of the role played by anti-poverty programs. However, young children in the U.S. still face a much higher rate of poverty than do older children in the U.S. They also continue to have a much higher poverty rate than do young children in other developed countries around the world. In this paper, we provide a detailed analysis of trends in poverty and the role of anti-poverty programs in addressing poverty among young children, using an improved measure of poverty, the Supplemental Poverty Measure. We examine changes over time and the current status, both for young children overall and for key subgroups (by child age, and by child race/ethnicity). Our findings can be summarized in three key points. First, poverty among all young children age 0–5 years has fallen since the beginning of our time series; but absent the safety net, today's poverty rate among young children would be identical to or higher than it was in 1968. Second, the safety net plays an increasing role in reducing the poverty of young children, especially among Black non-Hispanic children, whose poverty rate would otherwise be 20.8 percentage points higher in 2013. Third, the composition of support has changed from virtually all cash transfers in 1968, to about one third each of cash, credit and in-kind transfers today. (Author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Hysell, Andrew
    Year: 2017

    This PowerPoint presentation from the 2017 NAWRS workshop summarizes the impact that early literacy has on poverty prevention.

    This PowerPoint presentation from the 2017 NAWRS workshop summarizes the impact that early literacy has on poverty prevention.

  • Individual Author: Adams, Gina; Spaulding, Shayne; Hahn, Heather
    Reference Type: Conference Paper
    Year: 2017

    This PowerPoint presentation from the 2017 NAWRS Workshop describes a study evaluating the relationship between the child care needs of low-income families and their need for education and training.

    This PowerPoint presentation from the 2017 NAWRS Workshop describes a study evaluating the relationship between the child care needs of low-income families and their need for education and training.

  • Individual Author: Chien, Nina
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2017

    This factsheet provides descriptive information on child care eligibility and receipt. Of the 13.4 million children eligible for child care subsidies under federal rules, 16 percent received subsidies. Of the 8.3 million children eligible for child care subsidies under state rules, 26 percent received subsidies. Poorer children were more likely to receive subsidies than less poor children. Younger children (ages 1-5) were more likely to receive subsidies than older children. Data sources are TRIM microsimulation output (which uses data from the Current Population Survey) and 801 child care administrative data. (Author abstract)

    This factsheet provides descriptive information on child care eligibility and receipt. Of the 13.4 million children eligible for child care subsidies under federal rules, 16 percent received subsidies. Of the 8.3 million children eligible for child care subsidies under state rules, 26 percent received subsidies. Poorer children were more likely to receive subsidies than less poor children. Younger children (ages 1-5) were more likely to receive subsidies than older children. Data sources are TRIM microsimulation output (which uses data from the Current Population Survey) and 801 child care administrative data. (Author abstract)

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