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The SSRC Library allows visitors to access materials related to self-sufficiency programs, practice and research. Visitors can view common search terms, conduct a keyword search or create a custom search using any combination of the filters at the left side of this page. To conduct a keyword search, type a term or combination of terms into the search box below, select whether you want to search the exact phrase or the words in any order, and click on the blue button to the right of the search box to view relevant results.

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  • Individual Author: Guo, Baorong; Huang, Jin; Porterfield, Shirley L.
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2018

    Young adults face enormous economic, social and psychological challenges when they transition into adulthood. This transition can be especially overwhelming and daunting for young adults with disabilities. Among the challenges young adults with disabilities are faced with are greater risk of low food security and barriers to healthcare. This study examines how the transition to adulthood may affect food security, health, and access to healthcare for youth with disabilities, and estimates the effects that SNAP has on this group in those turbulent years.

    The study used five years of data (2011-2015) from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). We combined the public and restricted NHIS data with the state SNAP policy variables. The sample included low-income individuals ages 13-25 (and their families) to reflect the life stage from pre-transition, to transition, and then to post-transition. Analyses were conducted at the Census Research Data Center in Columbia, MO. A difference-in-difference (DID) approach in linear models was applied to compare individuals with and...

    Young adults face enormous economic, social and psychological challenges when they transition into adulthood. This transition can be especially overwhelming and daunting for young adults with disabilities. Among the challenges young adults with disabilities are faced with are greater risk of low food security and barriers to healthcare. This study examines how the transition to adulthood may affect food security, health, and access to healthcare for youth with disabilities, and estimates the effects that SNAP has on this group in those turbulent years.

    The study used five years of data (2011-2015) from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). We combined the public and restricted NHIS data with the state SNAP policy variables. The sample included low-income individuals ages 13-25 (and their families) to reflect the life stage from pre-transition, to transition, and then to post-transition. Analyses were conducted at the Census Research Data Center in Columbia, MO. A difference-in-difference (DID) approach in linear models was applied to compare individuals with and without disabilities regarding changes in food security status and their health-related outcomes in the transition to adulthood. State SNAP policy variables were used as exogenous instruments to estimate the effects of SNAP participation on food security and health/healthcare use for youth and young adults with disabilities in the models of instrumental variables.

    The study’s limitations are closely examined with a focus on the constraints that we had in the DID analysis and the IV analysis. We also suggested directions for future research. Since food security likely has a profound impact on the long-term development, economic independence, and self-sufficiency, we discussed a few policy strategies that may help individuals with disabilities in their transition to adulthood. These include special outreach services to improve SNAP accessibility, an embedded alert system that serves to bring awareness of a SNAP participant’s upcoming transition to adulthood, incorporation of nutrition assistance in transition planning for youth, and better coordination of multiple public programs. (Author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Gupta, Sonam
    Reference Type: Conference Paper
    Year: 2017

    This PowerPoint presentation from the 2017 NAWRS workshop summarizes the importance reconnecting young adults to educational, employment, and community engagement opportunities, while focusing on resiliency and self-efficacy through life coaching.

    This PowerPoint presentation from the 2017 NAWRS workshop summarizes the importance reconnecting young adults to educational, employment, and community engagement opportunities, while focusing on resiliency and self-efficacy through life coaching.

  • Individual Author: Yeung, Wei-Jun Jean; Rauscher, Emily
    Reference Type: Journal Article
    Year: 2014

    We examine the relationship between early youth employment and behavior problems and ask whether this relationship differs by race, job quality, or work intensity. Drawing on Panel Study of Income Dynamics data, we depict the employment patterns of American youth aged 12 through 18 and test conflicting hypotheses about mediating mechanisms through which youth employment shapes children’s behavior. Results show that employment is associated with fewer behavior problems but only when the jobs offer opportunities for human capital development and only when working moderate hours. We find significant differences in employment rates and job characteristics between black and white youth. High-quality employment has a stronger impact on black than on white youth, and the positive effect of work is mediated by positive peer influence. Findings support social and human capital theories and, more broadly, the social network/role model explanation for adolescent behavior. (Author abstract)

    We examine the relationship between early youth employment and behavior problems and ask whether this relationship differs by race, job quality, or work intensity. Drawing on Panel Study of Income Dynamics data, we depict the employment patterns of American youth aged 12 through 18 and test conflicting hypotheses about mediating mechanisms through which youth employment shapes children’s behavior. Results show that employment is associated with fewer behavior problems but only when the jobs offer opportunities for human capital development and only when working moderate hours. We find significant differences in employment rates and job characteristics between black and white youth. High-quality employment has a stronger impact on black than on white youth, and the positive effect of work is mediated by positive peer influence. Findings support social and human capital theories and, more broadly, the social network/role model explanation for adolescent behavior. (Author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Mastin, Diane; Metzger, Sania ; Golden, Jane
    Reference Type: Stakeholder Resource
    Year: 2013

    On December 1, 2011, the Community Service Society of New York and The Children's Aid Society convened over 200 local and national experts, policymakers, service providers and advocates to discuss the issues faced by older youth in foster care and strategies to prevent and address their disconnection from anchor social institutions like school, work, and family. This report highlights and further develops the issues raised at the forum, recommends policy directions and discusses successful program models that address the many challenges facing aging-out youth who become disconnected.

    For many young people, the transition from teen to independent adult is a gradual process that extends into their mid- to late 20s, with financial and emotional support from family. Most youth make it, but a significant number don't and so they become disconnected. Youth who age-out of foster care have the hardest time getting on their feet, and without family to rely on, the odds of success are against them. But investments in the futures of these young people can result in significant...

    On December 1, 2011, the Community Service Society of New York and The Children's Aid Society convened over 200 local and national experts, policymakers, service providers and advocates to discuss the issues faced by older youth in foster care and strategies to prevent and address their disconnection from anchor social institutions like school, work, and family. This report highlights and further develops the issues raised at the forum, recommends policy directions and discusses successful program models that address the many challenges facing aging-out youth who become disconnected.

    For many young people, the transition from teen to independent adult is a gradual process that extends into their mid- to late 20s, with financial and emotional support from family. Most youth make it, but a significant number don't and so they become disconnected. Youth who age-out of foster care have the hardest time getting on their feet, and without family to rely on, the odds of success are against them. But investments in the futures of these young people can result in significant benefits to them and to society. (author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Langford, Barbara Hanson; Badeau, Sue
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2013

    The FCWG published its first investment agenda in 2003, Connected by 25: A Plan for Investing in Successful Futures for Foster Youth. That document called for a series of investments to support the economic success of young people transitioning from foster care at a time when issues related to education, workforce development, financial literacy, and asset development received little attention. This investment agenda seeks to bring a similar focus to the critical issue of social, emotional, and physical well-being by leveraging and advancing new and emerging interest within and outside the federal government and research and advocacy communities to improve well-being outcomes for transitioning youth. (Author introduction)

    The FCWG published its first investment agenda in 2003, Connected by 25: A Plan for Investing in Successful Futures for Foster Youth. That document called for a series of investments to support the economic success of young people transitioning from foster care at a time when issues related to education, workforce development, financial literacy, and asset development received little attention. This investment agenda seeks to bring a similar focus to the critical issue of social, emotional, and physical well-being by leveraging and advancing new and emerging interest within and outside the federal government and research and advocacy communities to improve well-being outcomes for transitioning youth. (Author introduction)

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