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SSRC Library

The SSRC Library allows visitors to access materials related to self-sufficiency programs, practice and research. Visitors can view common search terms, conduct a keyword search or create a custom search using any combination of the filters at the left side of this page. To conduct a keyword search, type a term or combination of terms into the search box below, select whether you want to search the exact phrase or the words in any order, and click on the blue button to the right of the search box to view relevant results.

Writing a paper? Working on a literature review? Citing research in a funding proposal? Use the SSRC Citation Assistance Tool to compile citations.

  • Conduct a search and filter parameters as desired.
  • "Check" the box next to the resources for which you would like a citation.
  • Select "Download Selected Citation" at the top of the Library Search Page.
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  • Select submit and download your citations.

The SSRC Library includes resources which may be available only via journal subscription. The SSRC may be able to provide users without subscription access to a particular journal with a single use copy of the full text.  Please email the SSRC with your request.

The SSRC Library collection is constantly growing and new research is added regularly. We welcome our users to submit a library item to help us grow our collection in response to your needs.


  • Individual Author: Ong, Paul; Blumenberg, Evelyn
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 1999

    With the passage of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996, Congress dramatically altered the welfare system. The new legislation limits cash support to welfare recipients, mandates strong work requirements, and gives states more discretion over welfare program design. With its emphasis on reducing the welfare rolls, state welfare agencies must establish programs to transition recipients into the labor market or else risk dramatic increases in poverty. Access to transportation affects welfare recipients' ability to find and retain employment and, therefore, must be one component of a successful welfare-to-work strategy. The need for good transportation policy is anchored in the dramatic changes in the welfare system, the geographic location of jobs and welfare recipients within metropolitan areas, and limitations with our existing public transportation system. These topics are addressed in the subsequent three sections of this paper. In the conclusion, we present a series of policy recommendations; these include recommendations specific...

    With the passage of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996, Congress dramatically altered the welfare system. The new legislation limits cash support to welfare recipients, mandates strong work requirements, and gives states more discretion over welfare program design. With its emphasis on reducing the welfare rolls, state welfare agencies must establish programs to transition recipients into the labor market or else risk dramatic increases in poverty. Access to transportation affects welfare recipients' ability to find and retain employment and, therefore, must be one component of a successful welfare-to-work strategy. The need for good transportation policy is anchored in the dramatic changes in the welfare system, the geographic location of jobs and welfare recipients within metropolitan areas, and limitations with our existing public transportation system. These topics are addressed in the subsequent three sections of this paper. In the conclusion, we present a series of policy recommendations; these include recommendations specific to transportation policy as well as housing and local economic development policies that help to improve recipients' geographic access to employment. (Author abstract)