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The SSRC Library allows visitors to access materials related to self-sufficiency programs, practice and research. Visitors can view common search terms, conduct a keyword search or create a custom search using any combination of the filters at the left side of this page. To conduct a keyword search, type a term or combination of terms into the search box below, select whether you want to search the exact phrase or the words in any order, and click on the blue button to the right of the search box to view relevant results.

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  • Individual Author: Harrington, Michael
    Reference Type: Book Chapter/Book
    Year: 1997

    When Michael Harrington’s masterpiece, The Other America, was first published in 1962, it was hailed as an explosive work and became a galvanizing force for the war on poverty. Harrington shed light on the lives of the poor—from farm to city—and the social forces that relegated them to their difficult situations. He was determined to make poverty in the United States visible and his observations and analyses have had a profound effect on our country, radically changing how we view the poor and the policies we employ to help them.

    In the fifty years since it was published, The Other America has been established as a seminal work of sociology. This anniversary edition includes Michael Harrington’s essays on poverty in the 1970s and ’80s as well as a new introduction by Harrington’s biographer, Maurice Isserman. This illuminating, profoundly moving classic is still all too relevant for today’s America. (author abstract)

    When Michael Harrington’s masterpiece, The Other America, was first published in 1962, it was hailed as an explosive work and became a galvanizing force for the war on poverty. Harrington shed light on the lives of the poor—from farm to city—and the social forces that relegated them to their difficult situations. He was determined to make poverty in the United States visible and his observations and analyses have had a profound effect on our country, radically changing how we view the poor and the policies we employ to help them.

    In the fifty years since it was published, The Other America has been established as a seminal work of sociology. This anniversary edition includes Michael Harrington’s essays on poverty in the 1970s and ’80s as well as a new introduction by Harrington’s biographer, Maurice Isserman. This illuminating, profoundly moving classic is still all too relevant for today’s America. (author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Dion, M. Robin; Braver, Sanford L.; Wolchik, Sharlene A. ; Sandler, Irwin M.
    Reference Type: Journal Article
    Year: 1997

    In a three-stage study, noncustodial parents' psychopathic deviance and alcohol use accounted for significant variance in custodial parents' reports of child support and visitation. In noncustodial parents' reports, compliance with child support, but not frequency of visitation, was related to measures of deviance. Implications for policy, research, and psychoeducational interventions are discussed. (author abstract)

    In a three-stage study, noncustodial parents' psychopathic deviance and alcohol use accounted for significant variance in custodial parents' reports of child support and visitation. In noncustodial parents' reports, compliance with child support, but not frequency of visitation, was related to measures of deviance. Implications for policy, research, and psychoeducational interventions are discussed. (author abstract)

  • Individual Author: O'Neill, David M. ; O'Neill, June Ellenoff
    Reference Type: Book Chapter/Book
    Year: 1997

    O'Neill and O'Neill compile and analyze data that identifies historical trends in the AFDC caseload, the personal characteristics of recipients, and broad patterns of welfare participation. They also offer an evaluative survey on the effectiveness of past education, training and workfare programs in reducing the AFDC caseload.

    The result is a book that offers thoughtful analyses on several crucial questions facing state policy makers as a result of welfare. (Publisher abstract)

     

    Contents

    1 Introduction

    Notes

    2 Program Description and Sources of Caseload Growth

    Program Description

    Sources of Caseload Growth

    Notes

    3 Patterns of Welfare and Work Participation and Their Correlates

    Overview of Welfare Participation

    Incidence and Duration of Welfare Participation: The Role of Marital Status and Age of Birth of First Child

    Characteristics of Nonparticipants and of Welfare Leavers and Stayers

    Work Outcomes of Former Welfare Recipients

    ...

    O'Neill and O'Neill compile and analyze data that identifies historical trends in the AFDC caseload, the personal characteristics of recipients, and broad patterns of welfare participation. They also offer an evaluative survey on the effectiveness of past education, training and workfare programs in reducing the AFDC caseload.

    The result is a book that offers thoughtful analyses on several crucial questions facing state policy makers as a result of welfare. (Publisher abstract)

     

    Contents

    1 Introduction

    Notes

    2 Program Description and Sources of Caseload Growth

    Program Description

    Sources of Caseload Growth

    Notes

    3 Patterns of Welfare and Work Participation and Their Correlates

    Overview of Welfare Participation

    Incidence and Duration of Welfare Participation: The Role of Marital Status and Age of Birth of First Child

    Characteristics of Nonparticipants and of Welfare Leavers and Stayers

    Work Outcomes of Former Welfare Recipients

    Notes

    4 The Effectiveness of Education, Work and Training Programs for Reducing Welfare Dependence

    Education, Work, and Training Programs for Post-teenage Mothers

    Education and Other Services Especially for Teenage Mothers

    Workfare

    Summary

    Notes

    5 Administrative and Incentive Changes Under the Jobs Program

    Administrative Objectives Under JOBS

    Program Experiments by State under the JOBS Waiver Program

    Notes

    6 Summary and Concluding Comments

    The Effect of Financial Incentives

    Characteristics of the Welfare Population

    The Effectiveness of Welfare-to-Work Programs

    Prevention Versus Rehabilitation

    Notes

  • Individual Author: Averett, Susan L.; Peters, H. Elizabeth; Waldman, Donald M.
    Reference Type: Journal Article
    Year: 1997

    We explore the impact of the child care tax credit in the U.S. income tax system on the labor supply decisions of married women with young children by incorporating the cost of child care into a structural labor supply model. Using data from the 1986 NLSY, we find that government subsidies to child care increase labor supply substantially. Our policy simulations show that an increase in the value of the child care tax credit (i.e., percent of expenditures subsidized) would have a much larger effect on labor supply than an increase in the annual expenditure limits of the subsidy or making the subsidy refundable. (author abstract)

    We explore the impact of the child care tax credit in the U.S. income tax system on the labor supply decisions of married women with young children by incorporating the cost of child care into a structural labor supply model. Using data from the 1986 NLSY, we find that government subsidies to child care increase labor supply substantially. Our policy simulations show that an increase in the value of the child care tax credit (i.e., percent of expenditures subsidized) would have a much larger effect on labor supply than an increase in the annual expenditure limits of the subsidy or making the subsidy refundable. (author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Ozawa, Martha N.
    Reference Type: Journal Article
    Year: 1997

    As the United States attempts to minimize public spending on social welfare programs and to shift the authority over many programs to the states, the federal government needs to establish a program of income security for children that is not tied to welfare. Such a program is in the national interest because the country will need a strong, competent workforce to deal with stiffer global economic competition and a greater financial obligation to support the elderly. This article discusses why income security for children cannot be provided by the current system of income transfers and advocates the establishment of a $1,000 refundable tax credit for all children and an expansion of the Earned Income Tax Credit. (author abstract)

    As the United States attempts to minimize public spending on social welfare programs and to shift the authority over many programs to the states, the federal government needs to establish a program of income security for children that is not tied to welfare. Such a program is in the national interest because the country will need a strong, competent workforce to deal with stiffer global economic competition and a greater financial obligation to support the elderly. This article discusses why income security for children cannot be provided by the current system of income transfers and advocates the establishment of a $1,000 refundable tax credit for all children and an expansion of the Earned Income Tax Credit. (author abstract)

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