After 16 previous editions, the Green Book has become a standard reference source on American social policy. It is widely used by Members of Congress and their staffs, analysts in congressional and administrative agencies, members of the media, scholars, and citizens interested in the Nation's social policy.
This edition of the Green Book follows the basic pattern of previous editions. The volume is divided into two parts, Program Descriptions and Appendixes. In the Program Description part, separate sections are devoted to the major programs under jurisdiction of the Committee on Ways and Means: Social Security; Medicare; Supplemental Security Income; Unemployment Compensation; Earned Entitlements for Railroad Employees; Trade Adjustment Assistance; Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (Aid to Families with Dependent Children in previous editions); Child Support Enforcement; Child Care; Title XX Social Services Block Grant; Child Protection; Foster Care and Adoption Assistance; Social Welfare Programs in the Territories; Tax Provisions Related to Retirement, Health, Poverty, Employment, Disability, and Other Social Issues; and the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation. A final section summarizes major social programs that are not under jurisdiction of the Committee (including food stamps, Medicaid, the State Children's Health Insurance Program, Federal housing assistance, School Lunch and Breakfast Programs, the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children, the Child and Adult Care Food Program, the Workforce Investment Act, Head Start, the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program, veterans benefits and services, and workers' compensation).
The Appendixes include information directly related to the programs under Committee jurisdiction, including: health care of the elderly; long-term care health care expenditures; Medicare reimbursements for hospitals and physicians; the Medicare+Choice Program; data on employment earnings, and unemployment; data on families and poverty; Federal budget tables; benefits available to noncitizens and spending on income-tested benefits in recent decades; a literature review of studies of the effects of welfare reform; and information about nonmarital births and Federal strategies to reduce nonmarital pregnancies.
This year's Green Book contains several changes from the 1998 edition. In addition to updating data and legislative changes in all the sections and appendixes, a number of the sections have been substantially rewritten. The new section on the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Program that was created by the 1996 welfare reform law is almost completely new. In addition, the sections on Social Security and child protection have been extensively reorganized and revised. Finally, three new appendixes have been added. One new appendix provides detailed information about the Medicare+Choice Program. Another new appendix, on which we received very helpful comments from many scholars and policy experts, reviews the large and growing research on welfare reform. The new appendix on nonmarital births, included in the Green Book at the suggestion of Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan, provides a useful overview of historical trends in nonmarital births and recent actions taken by Congress to combat these trends. (author introduction)