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The SSRC Library allows visitors to access materials related to self-sufficiency programs, practice and research. Visitors can view common search terms, conduct a keyword search or create a custom search using any combination of the filters at the left side of this page. To conduct a keyword search, type a term or combination of terms into the search box below, select whether you want to search the exact phrase or the words in any order, and click on the blue button to the right of the search box to view relevant results.

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The SSRC Library collection is constantly growing and new research is added regularly. We welcome our users to submit a library item to help us grow our collection in response to your needs.


  • Individual Author: Cole, Patricia; Buel, Sarah M.
    Reference Type: Journal Article
    Year: 2000

    This paper looks at family violence and its impact upon the transition from welfare to work under the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Program (TANF) established by the 1996 welfare reform. Recommendations are presented which encourages advocates and others to increase their involvement in welfare reform and other initiatives that target families living in extreme poverty. The paper addressed two primary issues. First, working within the TANF and welfare to work systems were discussed in order to identify and assist women in violent partnerships. And, second, helping low-income women gain employment and other necessary assistance so they are able to support themselves and escape the violent situation their poverty had perpetuated. Insights offered included: (1) women in extremely low-income households are much more likely to be victims of violence than women in higher-income households; (2) traditional mainstream approaches to helping battered women are often ineffective; and (3) it is impossible to separate women’s experiences with and responses to partner violence from...

    This paper looks at family violence and its impact upon the transition from welfare to work under the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Program (TANF) established by the 1996 welfare reform. Recommendations are presented which encourages advocates and others to increase their involvement in welfare reform and other initiatives that target families living in extreme poverty. The paper addressed two primary issues. First, working within the TANF and welfare to work systems were discussed in order to identify and assist women in violent partnerships. And, second, helping low-income women gain employment and other necessary assistance so they are able to support themselves and escape the violent situation their poverty had perpetuated. Insights offered included: (1) women in extremely low-income households are much more likely to be victims of violence than women in higher-income households; (2) traditional mainstream approaches to helping battered women are often ineffective; and (3) it is impossible to separate women’s experiences with and responses to partner violence from the impact of poverty and other oppressions in their lives. The paper emphasized the Family Violence Option (FVO) allowing States to exempt TANF recipients from workforce participation if it would escalate domestic violence, impede escape from domestic violence, or result in sanctions against women as a result of domestic violence. Several insights were gained on how to reach and assist women in dealing with violent relationships that included: (1) services need to be located at or near TANF offices; (2) programs need to be race conscious, being both sensitive and responsive to different cultural experiences and values in order to achieve program participation; (3) basic survival needs, such as housing, food, clothing, or health care must be resolved before or as part of the work around family violence issues; and (4) assistance must be offered to increase their safety while in the abusive relationship. Several recommendations were offered as to how women in poverty who suffer from domestic violence should be treated that included: (1) providing pre- and post- employment education and training; (2) providing services necessary to gain and maintain living-wage employment; and (3) providing ongoing support in the areas of housing, child care, food stamps, and health care for those unable to get and keep jobs that have adequate wages and benefits. Welfare reform is seen as having brought attention to many battered women previously overlooked. Creating effective solutions is viewed as necessary to allow them to be both safe and financially secure. (author abstract)

  • Individual Author: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
    Reference Type: Book Chapter/Book
    Year: 2001

    This Supplement to Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services [DHHS], 1999) documents the existence of striking disparities for minorities in mental health services and the underlying knowledge base. Racial and ethnic minorities have less access to mental health services than do whites. They are less likely to receive needed care. When they receive care, it is more likely to be poor in quality. This Supplement covers the four most recognized racial and ethnic minority groups in the United States. According to Federal classifications, African Americans (blacks), American Indians and Alaska Natives, Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders, and white Americans (whites) are races. Hispanic American (Latino) is an ethnicity and may apply to a person of any race (U.S. Office of Management and Budget [OMB], 1978). For example, many people from the Dominican Republic identify their ethnicity as Hispanic or Latino and their race as black. (Author introduction)

    This Supplement to Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services [DHHS], 1999) documents the existence of striking disparities for minorities in mental health services and the underlying knowledge base. Racial and ethnic minorities have less access to mental health services than do whites. They are less likely to receive needed care. When they receive care, it is more likely to be poor in quality. This Supplement covers the four most recognized racial and ethnic minority groups in the United States. According to Federal classifications, African Americans (blacks), American Indians and Alaska Natives, Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders, and white Americans (whites) are races. Hispanic American (Latino) is an ethnicity and may apply to a person of any race (U.S. Office of Management and Budget [OMB], 1978). For example, many people from the Dominican Republic identify their ethnicity as Hispanic or Latino and their race as black. (Author introduction)

  • Individual Author: Finegold, Kenneth; Pindus, Nancy M.; Wherry, Laura; Nelson, Sandi; Triplett, Timothy; Capps, Randolph
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2005

    This report, prepared for the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, reviews existing data sources and prior research on six programs operated by the Department that provide food assistance to American Indians living on or near reservations. The purpose of the review is to help identify future research needs and opportunities to exploit administrative data systems and recurring national surveys. The programs covered are the Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations (FDPIR), the Food Stamp Program (FSP), the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC), the National School Lunch Program, the School Breakfast Program, and the Commodity Supplemental Food Program (CSFP). Research topics of continuing importance include the impacts of reservation food assistance on health and nutrition, the characteristics that make nutrition education effective on reservations, the dynamics of program participation, and the contribution of tribal administration to program coordination. (Author abstract)

    This report, prepared for the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, reviews existing data sources and prior research on six programs operated by the Department that provide food assistance to American Indians living on or near reservations. The purpose of the review is to help identify future research needs and opportunities to exploit administrative data systems and recurring national surveys. The programs covered are the Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations (FDPIR), the Food Stamp Program (FSP), the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC), the National School Lunch Program, the School Breakfast Program, and the Commodity Supplemental Food Program (CSFP). Research topics of continuing importance include the impacts of reservation food assistance on health and nutrition, the characteristics that make nutrition education effective on reservations, the dynamics of program participation, and the contribution of tribal administration to program coordination. (Author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Banks, Susan Rae; Miller, Darcy
    Reference Type: Journal Article
    Year: 2005

    Socially and legally it is acknowledged that families with children with disabilities are a critical component of any educational program or Individualized Education Plan (Yell, 2002). Indigenous families with children who have disabilities face unique additional challenges in working collaboratively with schools and education professionals. Parent Training and Information Centers started as a result of federally funded research on the needs of families of children with disabilities. The unique challenges faced by Indigenous families with children who have disabilities are discussed, with particular attention to the critical issues impacting social equity and post secondary education outcomes. An innovative outreach model is discussed for its potential in meeting the needs of Indigenous families with children who have disabilities. Components of the model are described as well as the continuing outreach challenges. The authors conclude with directions for future outreach strategies and research with Indigenous families and communities. (Author abstract)

    Socially and legally it is acknowledged that families with children with disabilities are a critical component of any educational program or Individualized Education Plan (Yell, 2002). Indigenous families with children who have disabilities face unique additional challenges in working collaboratively with schools and education professionals. Parent Training and Information Centers started as a result of federally funded research on the needs of families of children with disabilities. The unique challenges faced by Indigenous families with children who have disabilities are discussed, with particular attention to the critical issues impacting social equity and post secondary education outcomes. An innovative outreach model is discussed for its potential in meeting the needs of Indigenous families with children who have disabilities. Components of the model are described as well as the continuing outreach challenges. The authors conclude with directions for future outreach strategies and research with Indigenous families and communities. (Author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Langwell, Kathryn; Helba, Cynthia; Love, Craig
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2007

    This report identifies gaps in American Indians, Alaska Natives, and other Native Americans data on health and well-being, strategies for improving AI/AN/NA data availability and quality, and some current initiatives underway within DHHS and other federal agencies that are intended to improve these data.

    The findings in this report are drawn from a review of the literature and available reports on AI/AN/NA data, analysis of detailed profiles of 67 data sources that were included in the Data Catalog on AI/AN/NA Health and Well-being, an earlier product of this study, and interviews with 13 knowledgeable individuals who provided information on current initiatives underway and additional strategies that could improve the availability and quality of data on AI/AN/NA health and well-being. In developing the data catalog, we identified a set of policy areas relevant to AI/AN/NA health and well-being, including child well-being, economic well-being, educational achievement and opportunities, elder well-being, family well-being, housing indicators, justice system indicators,...

    This report identifies gaps in American Indians, Alaska Natives, and other Native Americans data on health and well-being, strategies for improving AI/AN/NA data availability and quality, and some current initiatives underway within DHHS and other federal agencies that are intended to improve these data.

    The findings in this report are drawn from a review of the literature and available reports on AI/AN/NA data, analysis of detailed profiles of 67 data sources that were included in the Data Catalog on AI/AN/NA Health and Well-being, an earlier product of this study, and interviews with 13 knowledgeable individuals who provided information on current initiatives underway and additional strategies that could improve the availability and quality of data on AI/AN/NA health and well-being. In developing the data catalog, we identified a set of policy areas relevant to AI/AN/NA health and well-being, including child well-being, economic well-being, educational achievement and opportunities, elder well-being, family well-being, housing indicators, justice system indicators, military/veterans' issues, and transportation quality and availability. The data catalog analysis focuses on the availability of data sets to address each of the identified policy areas. (author abstract)

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