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The SSRC Library allows visitors to access materials related to self-sufficiency programs, practice and research. Visitors can view common search terms, conduct a keyword search or create a custom search using any combination of the filters at the left side of this page. To conduct a keyword search, type a term or combination of terms into the search box below, select whether you want to search the exact phrase or the words in any order, and click on the blue button to the right of the search box to view relevant results.

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  • Individual Author: Assistant Secretary for Planning & Evaluation (ASPE)
    Reference Type: Stakeholder Resource
    Year: 1999

    Answers some frequently asked questions about child-only TANF cases, including:

    • What is a child-only case?
    • Why might a parent be in the household, but not in the assistance unit?
    • Has the child-only caseload grown in recent years?
    • Why did the number of child-only cases increase during the early 1990s?
    • Why are child only cases declining less quickly than other cases?
    • Why are child-only cases treated differently than other TANF cases?
    • How is kinship care different from foster care?
    • What does the TANF Final Rule say about child-only cases?
    • What is HHS doing to understand child-only cases?

    Answers some frequently asked questions about child-only TANF cases, including:

    • What is a child-only case?
    • Why might a parent be in the household, but not in the assistance unit?
    • Has the child-only caseload grown in recent years?
    • Why did the number of child-only cases increase during the early 1990s?
    • Why are child only cases declining less quickly than other cases?
    • Why are child-only cases treated differently than other TANF cases?
    • How is kinship care different from foster care?
    • What does the TANF Final Rule say about child-only cases?
    • What is HHS doing to understand child-only cases?
  • Individual Author: Minkler, Meredith; Duerr Berrick, Jill; Needell, Barbara
    Reference Type: Journal Article
    Year: 1999

    Debate over the potential impacts of welfare reform largely has ignored the implications of these changes for the growing number of grandparents who are raising their grandchildren. Results of a qualitative study involving 36 key informants who were intimately involved in the crafting and/or implementation of California's welfare reform plan are presented. Particular attention is focused on time limits on aid, work requirements, and sanctions regarding teenage parenthood as these may impact on grandparent caregivers and their families. Cross-cutting themes also are presented. A case is made for greatly stepping up data collection and evaluative research that may help in determining the actual impacts of the legislation on intergenerational households headed by grandparents.(author abstract)

    This resource was previously published as a working paper by the Public Policy Institute of California.

    Debate over the potential impacts of welfare reform largely has ignored the implications of these changes for the growing number of grandparents who are raising their grandchildren. Results of a qualitative study involving 36 key informants who were intimately involved in the crafting and/or implementation of California's welfare reform plan are presented. Particular attention is focused on time limits on aid, work requirements, and sanctions regarding teenage parenthood as these may impact on grandparent caregivers and their families. Cross-cutting themes also are presented. A case is made for greatly stepping up data collection and evaluative research that may help in determining the actual impacts of the legislation on intergenerational households headed by grandparents.(author abstract)

    This resource was previously published as a working paper by the Public Policy Institute of California.

  • Individual Author: Hegar, Rebecca L.; Scannapieco, Maria
    Reference Type: Journal Article
    Year: 2000

    This article discusses a welfare reform project conducted in the state of Washington.  This five year longitudinal study tracked the market interest of women on welfare during this time.  For the most part, the project was unsuccessful in moving the majority of these women into the labor market.  This article explores an underlying cause and possible explanation for the choices made by these women. (author abstract)

    This article discusses a welfare reform project conducted in the state of Washington.  This five year longitudinal study tracked the market interest of women on welfare during this time.  For the most part, the project was unsuccessful in moving the majority of these women into the labor market.  This article explores an underlying cause and possible explanation for the choices made by these women. (author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Farrell, Mary; Fishman, Michael; Laud, Stephanie; Allen, Vincena
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2000

    Under the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA)of 1996, most families receiving Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) are subject to work requirements and time limits on benefit receipt.  However, one portion of the TANF caseload, cases where only a child or children are receiving assistance, are generally exempt from these federal requirements.  These "child-only" cases are not currently growing in absolute numbers but are becoming an increasing proportion of the overall TANF caseload.  In 1998, child-only cases made up 23 percent of the TANF caseload nationally, ranging from 10 percent to 47 percent of state caseloads.  This has led to increasing interest in understanding the characteristics of child-only cases and the program services they receive.

    A variety of circumstances result in child-only cases.  In some cases, the child is not living with a parent, but with a relative, who chooses not to be included in the assistance unit or whose income and assets preclude him or her from receiving cash assistance.  In other situations...

    Under the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA)of 1996, most families receiving Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) are subject to work requirements and time limits on benefit receipt.  However, one portion of the TANF caseload, cases where only a child or children are receiving assistance, are generally exempt from these federal requirements.  These "child-only" cases are not currently growing in absolute numbers but are becoming an increasing proportion of the overall TANF caseload.  In 1998, child-only cases made up 23 percent of the TANF caseload nationally, ranging from 10 percent to 47 percent of state caseloads.  This has led to increasing interest in understanding the characteristics of child-only cases and the program services they receive.

    A variety of circumstances result in child-only cases.  In some cases, the child is not living with a parent, but with a relative, who chooses not to be included in the assistance unit or whose income and assets preclude him or her from receiving cash assistance.  In other situations, the child is living with a parent, but the parent is a Supplemental Security Income (SSI) recipient, a non-qualified alien, a qualified alien who entered the country after August 1996, a sanctioned adult, or otherwise excluded.

    The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) contracted with The Lewin Group to obtain more information about the characteristics and trends of the child-only population.  This report describes how federal and state policies affect child-only caseloads, discusses the national TANF and child-only caseload trends, and examines the characteristics of child-only cases.  For a more in-depth review, The Lewin Group focused on three states — California, Florida, and Missouri — interviewing state and county officials and staff, conducting case file reviews in one county in each state, and analyzing administrative data. (author abstract)

  • Individual Author: Edelhoch, Marilyn; Liu, Qiduan; Martin, Linda S.
    Reference Type: Journal Article
    Year: 2001

    Much attention has focused on families receiving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) benefits. Yet, less attention has been given to TANF cases that do not have an adult receiving assistance. Such "child-only" cases are generally exempt from federal and state requirements. In South Carolina, cases may be child-only if the parents receive Supplemental Security Income (SSI) or if the care-givers are relatives who do not receive cash assistance. (author abstract)

    Much attention has focused on families receiving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) benefits. Yet, less attention has been given to TANF cases that do not have an adult receiving assistance. Such "child-only" cases are generally exempt from federal and state requirements. In South Carolina, cases may be child-only if the parents receive Supplemental Security Income (SSI) or if the care-givers are relatives who do not receive cash assistance. (author abstract)

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