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Intimate partner violence in the Great Recession

Individual Author: 
Schneider, Daniel
Harknett, Kristen
McLanahan, Sara

In the United States, the Great Recession was marked by severe negative shocks to labor market conditions. In this study, we combine longitudinal data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study with U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics data on local area unemployment rates to examine the relationship between adverse labor market conditions and mothers’ experiences of abusive behavior between 2001 and 2010. Unemployment and economic hardship at the household level were positively related to abusive behavior.

Preparing youth for college and career: A process evaluation of Urban Alliance

Individual Author: 
Theodos, Brett
Pergamit, Michael
Edelstein, Sara
George, Taz
Freiman, Lesley

This report presents baseline and process study findings of an evaluation of the Urban Alliance high school internship program, which provides training, mentoring, and work experience to high school seniors from distressed communities in Washington, DC, Baltimore, Northern Virginia, and Chicago.

The implementation of family strengthening programs for families affected by incarceration

Individual Author: 
McKay, Tasseli
Lindquist, Christine
Corwin, Elise
Bir, Anupa

The Evaluation of the Marriage and Family Strengthening Grants for Incarcerated and Reentering Fathers and their Partners (MFS-IP) is part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) activities to support healthy marriage, responsible fatherhood, and successful re-entry from incarceration. Twelve grantees received funding for five years (2006-2011) from the Office of Family Assistance within the Administration for Children and Families to implement multiple activities to support and sustain marriages and families of fathers during and after incarceration.

The safety net in action: Protecting the health and nutrition of young American children

Individual Author: 
Neault, Nicole
Cook, John

Children’s HealthWatch findings do not show any significant associations between participation in nutrition and other safety net programs and increased risk of overweight for young children. Public policies that maintain and enhance social safety net programs are essential to reducing and preventing illnesses and expensive hospitalizations among infants and toddlers. Adequately funded and effectively used safety net programs save short term health care costs and contribute to the long term health, growth and intellectual potential of our nation’s youngest and most vulnerable citizens.

Cause for alarm? Understanding recent trends in teenage childbearing

Individual Author: 
Furstenberg, Frank F.

Teen pregnancy is back in the news. After 15 years of decline, the trend in teen birth rates ticked upward in 2006. Coupled with the ongoing media spotlight on the popular film Juno and the pregnancy of Britney Spears’ younger sister, we’re once again wringing our collective hands over kids having kids. But are these concerns really warranted? To what extent does teen pregnancy lead to mothers’ and children’s long-term poverty?

Life after welfare: Work and welfare status

Individual Author: 
Nicoli, Lisa
Passarella, Letitia

In the annual Life after Welfare report, we categorize TCA leavers into one of four groups—work only, welfare only, combined work and welfare, and disconnected from work and welfare—based on their annual participation in TCA and employment. While this analysis, which we call “work and welfare status,” provides some insight into how leavers are faring, we do not address how work and welfare status in the first year after exit affects outcomes in subsequent years. In this brief, we sort leavers into work and welfare groups based on their status in the first year after exit.

The national evaluation of the welfare-to-work grants program: Final report

Individual Author: 
Fraker, Thomas M.
Levy, Dan M.
Perez-Johnson, Irma
Hershey, Alan M.
Nightingale, Demetra S.
Olsen, Robert B.
Stapulonis, Rita A.

This final report presents descriptive findings from Mathematica's study of enrollees during the two years after they entered a welfare-to-work program. Most were TANF recipients with significant barriers to employment; although most were employed at some time during the study, many faced employment problems at the end of that period, and the jobs they held often left them in poverty. Whether a more comprehensive approach would produce better results is unclear, but the report presents design and implementation factors for programs to consider. (Author abstract)

Barriers and promising approaches to workforce and youth development for young offenders: Program profiles

Individual Author: 
Brown, David
Maxwell, Sarah
DeJesus, Edward
Schiraldi, Vincent

In 1999, the Annie E. Casey Foundation asked the National Youth Employment Coalition (NYEC), in cooperation with the Youth Development and Research Fund (YDRF) and the Justice Policy Institute (JPI), to build on the task force’s work. The Foundation wanted to identify what works: exemplary programs and policy initiatives that help court-involved youth become economically self-sufficient…

The national study undertaken by NYEC, JPI, and YDRF had three objectives:

Career Academies: Impacts on labor market outcomes and educational attainment

Individual Author: 
Kemple, James J.
Scott-Clayton, Judith

Established more than 30 years ago, Career Academies have become a widely used high school reform initiative that aims to keep students engaged in school and prepare them for successful transitions to post-secondary education and employment. Typically serving between 150 and 200 high school students from grade 9 or 10 through grade 12, Career Academies are organized as small learning communities, combine academic and technical curricula around a career theme, and establish partnerships with local employers to provide work-based learning opportunities.