In fall 2012, the Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE) within the Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services launched the Child Support Noncustodial Parent Employment Demonstration Project (CSPED) to identify effective approaches to enabling low-income noncustodial parents to pay their child support. OCSE competitively awarded grants to child support agencies in eight states to provide enhanced child support, employment, parenting, and case management services to noncustodial parents having difficulty meeting child support obligations.
In this paper, we report the results of the only field test of which we are aware that uses randomized trials to measure whether stricter enforcement and verification of work search behavior alone decreases unemployment claims and benefits paid in the U.S. unemployment insurance (UI) program. These experiments, which were implemented in four U.S. sites in Connecticut, Massachusetts, Virginia and Tennessee, were designed to explicitly test claims based on nonexperimental data, summarized in Burgess and Kingston (An Incentives Approach to Improving the Unemployment Compensation System, W. E.
This research examines individual development account (IDA) programs as part of a broader community development strategy for low-income/low-wealth communities, particularly communities of color. Through a review of multiple literatures and detailed case studies, we explore the potential of explicitly creating a community-based, family-centered development account program as a step toward a comprehensive community asset building approach in low-income urban neighborhoods.
Severe Deprivation in America: An Introduction
Part I. Severe Deprivation Among the Young and Old
Trends in Deep Poverty from 1968 to 2011: The Influence of Family Structure, Employment Patterns, and the Safety Net 14
Liana Fox, Christopher Wimer, Irwin Garfinkel, Neeraj Kaushal, JaeHyun Nam, and Jane Waldfogel
Compounded Deprivation in the Transition to Adulthood: The Intersection of Racial and Economic Inequality Among Chicagoans, 1995–2013 35
Young adults with histories of foster care or juvenile justice custody experience poor outcomes across a number of domains, on average, relative to their peers. While government funding for services targeting these groups of young people has increased in recent years, research on the effectiveness of such services is limited, and few of the programs that have been rigorously tested have been found to improve outcomes.
This report examines the progress of five demonstration sites in Broward County, Cedar Rapids, Memphis, San Francisco, and Connecticut as they provide supportive housing and intensive services to families in the child welfare system. Participating in the Partnership to Demonstrate the Effectiveness of Supportive Housing funded by the US Department of Health and Human Services, each site created new service delivery structures that integrate services among child welfare agencies, housing providers, and other service organizations.
Work requirements imposed on American welfare recipients in 1996 brought a substantial policy and spending shift toward support services. Requiring participants to work meant devoting resources to eliminating the most significant barriers to employment. Participants and administrators have consistently identified transportation as one of the most important barriers to obtaining and maintaining employment. A growing literature continues to explore whether private automobile ownership improves employment outcomes for welfare recipients.
In 2006, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) published the results of a study regarding child welfare agencies efforts to identify, locate, and involve nonresident fathers of children in foster care.
This presentation from the 2015 NAWRS conference provides findings from an implementation evaluation of YVLifeSet, a program for young adults who were in foster care of juvenile justice custody This program provides case management, coaching, and life skills education.
States are not required to provide subsidies for childcare and transportation, but at the time of this writing all provided some supplements to TANF participants who were working, looking for work, or attending school. However, there has been little assessment of the effectiveness of these programs.